NIH Consensus Development Conference
on Diagnosis and Treatment
of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

November 16–18, 1998
National Institutes of Health

The following are abstracts of presentations to the NIH Consensus Development Conference on Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. They are designed for the use of panelists and participants in the conference and as a reference document for anyone interested in the conference deliberations. We are grateful to the authors, who have summarized their materials and made them available in a timely fashion.
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These abstracts taken from the ADOBE PDF formatted file on the NIH site (1,400 kb). You may want to download the original if you have the time and have Adobe's Acrobat Reader.

I. Overview and Introduction


Overview of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
C. Keith Conners, Ph.D., M.A.

II. ADHD as a Disorder in Children, Adolescents, and Adults

Current Diagnostic Schema/Core Dimensions
Benjamin B. Lahey, Ph.D., and Erik G. Willcutt, Ph.D.

Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder a Valid Disorder?
William B. Carey, M.D.

Biological Bases of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Neuroanatomy, Genetics, and Pathophysiology
James Swanson, Ph.D., and F. Xavier Castellanos, M.D.

Cognitive and Behavioral Correlates
Rosemary Tannock, Ph.D.



III. Impact

The Prevalence and Cross-Cultural Validity of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Hector R. Bird, M.D.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Long-Term Course, Adult Outcome, and Comorbid Disorders
Russell A. Barkley, Ph.D.

The Impact of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on School Systems
Steven R. Forness, Ed.D.

The Impact of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on the Juvenile Justice System
Betty Chemers, M.A.

The Impact of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Social and Vocational Functioning in Adults
Charlotte Johnston, Ph.D.



IV. Safety and Efficacy of Treatments—Short and Long Term

Stimulant Medications
Laurence L. Greenhill, M.D.

Pharmacotherapy of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Nonstimulant Treatments
Joseph Biederman, M.D., and Thomas Spencer, M.D.

Risks and Mechanism of Action of Stimulants
Peter R. Breggin, M.D.  

Public Health Perspectives and Toxicological Issues Concerning Stimulant Medications
Andrew S. Rowland, M.D.

Psychosocial Interventions
William E. Pelham, Jr., Ph.D.

Treatment Alternatives for ADHD
L. Eugene Arnold, M.D., M.Ed.

Behavioral and Medication Treatments for ADHD:Comparisons and Combinations
Peter S. Jensen, M.D.

Matching Patients to Treatments
Howard Abikoff, Ph.D.



V. Substance Abuse Risks of Stimulant Treatment

Alcohol, Nicotine, Stimulants and Other Drugs
Rachel G. Klein, M.D.

Risk of Treatment Versus Nontreatment
Jan Loney, Ph.D.

ADHD and Risk for Substance Use Disorders
Timothy E. Wilens, M.D.

Sensitation and the Risk of Exposure to Stimulant Medications
Peter W. Kalivas, Ph.D.

Stimulant Treatment as a Risk Factor for Nicotine Use and Substance Abuse
Nadine M. Lambert, Ph.D.

Diversion, Trafficking, and Abuse of Methylphenidate
Gretchen Feussner

Availability of Stimulant Medications: Nature and Extent of Abuse and Associated Harm
James R. Cooper, M.D.



V. Existing Practices and Parriers Regarding Assessment and Treatment

A National Perspective on Treatments and Services for Children with ADHD
Kimberly Hoagwood, Ph.D.

Current Assessment and Treatment Practices
Mark Wolraich, M.D.

Educational Policy: Educating Children With Attention Deficit Disorders
Thomas Hehir, Ed.D.

Use of Services and Costs for Youth With ADHD and Related Conditions
Kelly J. Kelleher, M.D., M.P.H.

Individual and Family Barriers
Sheila Anderson



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